MAN MADE OBJECTS ON VENUS

Non-exhaustive list of artificial objects that have reached the surface of the planet Venus. Some of them were incinerated upon atmospheric entry and it is probable that the débris reached the surface.

Over 165 artificial objects have been identified.

COSPAR IDname typemissionquantity on surfacemass (kg)statusdate/epoch (UTC)
1965-092A3MV-3 No.1 (KDU-414)Venus cruise stageVENERA 3burned debris?discarded, incinerated upon atmospheric entryMarch 1, 1966
1965-092ARETAINING RINGDescent vehicule cradle structureVENERA 3burned debris?discarded, incinerated upon atmospheric entryMarch 1, 1966
1965-092AMETAL STRAPSDescent vehicule release mechanismVENERA 3burned debris?discarded, incinerated upon atmospheric entryMarch 1, 1966
1965-092ATOP SHELLBackshellVENERA 3scattereddiscarded, impactMarch 1, 1966
1965-092ADROGUE CHUTEParachuteVENERA 31discarded, still attached to pilot chute?March 1, 1966
1965-092APILOT CHUTEParachuteVENERA 31discarded, still attached to main chute?March 1, 1966
1965-092AMAIN CHUTEParachuteVENERA 31still attached to lander?March 1, 1966
1965-092A3MV-3 No.1 SAVenus landerVENERA 31LOS before atmospheric entry, landing assumed, defunctMarch 1, 1966
1965-092ABUOYANT PENNANTS SPHERE?Commemorative itemsVENERA 31?fixed to the landerMarch 1, 1966
1967-058A1V/V-67 No.310 (KDU-414)Venus cruise stageVENERA 4burned debris?discarded, incinerated upon atmospheric entryOctober 18, 1967
1967-058ARETAINING RINGDescent vehicule cradle structureVENERA 4burned debris?discarded, incinerated upon atmospheric entryOctober 18, 1967
1967-058AMETAL STRAPSDescent vehicule release mechanismVENERA 4burned debris?discarded, incinerated upon atmospheric entryOctober 18, 1967
1967-058ATOP SHELLBackshellVENERA 4scattereddiscarded, impactOctober 18, 1967
1967-058APILOT CHUTE2.2 m2 parachuteVENERA 41discarded, still attached to main chute?October 18, 1967
1967-058AMAIN CHUTE50 m2 parachuteVENERA 41still attached to lander?October 18, 1967
1967-058A1V/V-67 No.310 SAVenus landerVENERA 41LOS during parachute descent, landing assumed, defunctOctober 18, 1967
1967-058ABUOYANT PENNANTS SPHERE?Commemorative itemsVENERA 41?fixed to the landerOctober 18, 1967
1969-001A2V/V-69 No.330 (KDU-414)Venus cruise stageVENERA 5burned debris?discarded, incinerated upon atmospheric entryMarch 16, 1969
1969-001ARETAINING RINGDescent vehicule cradle structureVENERA 5burned debris?discarded, incinerated upon atmospheric entryMarch 16, 1969
1969-001AMETAL STRAPSDescent vehicule release mechanismVENERA 5burned debris?discarded, incinerated upon atmospheric entryMarch 16, 1969
1969-001ATOP SHELLBackshellVENERA 5scattereddiscarded, impactMarch 16, 1969
1969-001APILOT CHUTE1.9 m2 parachuteVENERA 51discarded, still attached to main chute?March 16, 1969
1969-001AMAIN CHUTE15 m2 parachuteVENERA 51still attached to lander?March 16, 1969
1969-001A2V/V-69 No.330 SAVenus landerVENERA 51LOS during parachute descent, landing assumed, defunctMarch 16, 1969
1969-001APENNANTSCommemorative itemsVENERA 52?fixed to the landerMarch 16, 1969
1969-002A2V/V-69 No.331 (KDU-414)Venus cruise stageVENERA 6burned debris?discarded, incinerated upon atmospheric entryMay 17, 1969
1969-002ARETAINING RINGDescent vehicule cradle structureVENERA 6burned debris?discarded, incinerated upon atmospheric entryMay 17, 1969
1969-002AMETAL STRAPSDescent vehicule release mechanismVENERA 6burned debris?discarded, incinerated upon atmospheric entryMay 17, 1969
1969-002ATOP SHELLBackshellVENERA 6scattereddiscarded, impactMay 17, 1969
1969-002APILOT CHUTE1.9 m2 parachuteVENERA 61discarded, still attached to main chute?May 17, 1969
1969-002AMAIN CHUTE15 m2 parachuteVENERA 61still attached to lander?May 17, 1969
1969-002A2V/V-69 No.331Venus landerVENERA 61LOS during parachute descent, landing assumed, defunctMay 17, 1969
1969-002APENNANTSCommemorative itemsVENERA 62?fixed to the landerMay 17, 1969
1970-060A3V/V-70 No.630 (KDU-414)Venus cruise stageVENERA 7burned debris?discarded, incinerated upon atmospheric entryDecember 15, 1970
1970-060ARETAINING RINGDescent vehicule cradle structureVENERA 7burned debris?discarded, incinerated upon atmospheric entryDecember 15, 1970
1970-060AMETAL STRAPSDescent vehicule release mechanismVENERA 7burned debris?discarded, incinerated upon atmospheric entryDecember 15, 1970
1970-060ATOP SHELLBackshellVENERA 7scattereddiscarded, impactDecember 15, 1970
1970-060AMAIN CHUTE2.5 m2 parachuteVENERA 71ripped on descent, still attached to lander?December 15, 1970
1970-060A3V/V-70 No.630 SAVenus landerVENERA 71LOS, hard landed, defunctDecember 15, 1970
1970-060APENNANTSCommemorative itemsVENERA 72?fixed to the landerDecember 15, 1970
1972-021A3V/V-72 No.670 (KDU-414)Venus cruise stageVENERA 8burned debris?discarded, incinerated upon atmospheric entryJuly 22, 1972
1972-021ARETAINING RINGDescent vehicule cradle structureVENERA 8burned debris?discarded, incinerated upon atmospheric entryJuly 22, 1972
1972-021AMETAL STRAPSDescent vehicule release mechanismVENERA 8burned debris?discarded, incinerated upon atmospheric entryJuly 22, 1972
1972-021ATOP SHELLBackshellVENERA 8scattereddiscarded, impactJuly 22, 1972
1972-021AMAIN CHUTE2.5 m2 parachuteVENERA 81discarded, soft landingJuly 22, 1972
1972-021A3V/V-72 No.670 SAVenus landerVENERA 81landed, EOM, defunctJuly 22, 1972
1972-021APENNANTSCommemorative itemsVENERA 82?fixed to the landerJuly 22, 1972
1972-021ASECONDARY ANTENNA + CABLEExternal antenna w/ cableVENERA 82ejected on the surfaceJuly 22, 1972
1975-050DMETAL STRAPSDescent vehicule release mechanismVENERA 9burned debris?discarded, incinerated upon atmospheric entryOctober 20, 1975
1975-050DCHUTES COMPARTMENT COVERSBackshell elementsVENERA 9scattereddiscarded, impactOctober 22, 1975
1975-050DPILOT CHUTEParachuteVENERA 91discarded, still attached to drogue chute?October 22, 1975
1975-050DDROGUE CHUTE2.8 m parachuteVENERA 91discarded, still attached to braking chute?October 22, 1975
1975-050DLOWER HEMISPHERE AEROSHELLHeat shieldVENERA 9scattereddiscarded, impactOctober 22, 1975
1975-050DBRAKING CHUTEParachuteVENERA 91discarded, still attached to backshell?October 22, 1975
1975-050DUPPER HEMISPHERE AEROSHELLBackshellVENERA 91?discarded, soft landingOctober 22, 1975
1975-050DMAIN CHUTES4.3 m parachutesVENERA 93discarded, soft landingOctober 22, 1975
1975-050D4V-1 No.660 SAVenus landerVENERA 91landed, EOM, defunctOctober 22, 1975
1975-050DPENNANTSCommemorative itemsVENERA 92?fixed to the landerOctober 22, 1975
1975-050DVIEW-PORT COVERSCamera dust coversVENERA 91ejected on the surfaceOctober 22, 1975
1975-050DGAMMA-RAY SOIL DENSITOMETERScientific instrumentVENERA 91left on the surfaceOctober 22, 1975
1975-050DDEBRISDebris?VENERA 9?fell on the surface?October 22, 1975
1975-054DMETAL STRAPSDescent vehicule release mechanismVENERA 10burned debris?discarded, incinerated upon atmospheric entryOctober 23, 1975
1975-054DCHUTES COMPARTMENT COVERSBackshell elementsVENERA 10scattereddiscarded, impactOctober 25, 1975
1975-054DPILOT CHUTEParachuteVENERA 101discarded, still attached todrogue chute?October 25, 1975
1975-054DDROGUE CHUTE2.8 m parachuteVENERA 101discarded, still attached to braking chute?October 25, 1975
1975-054DLOWER HEMISPHERE AEROSHELLHeat shieldVENERA 10scattereddiscarded, impactOctober 25, 1975
1975-054DBRAKING CHUTEParachuteVENERA 101discarded, still attached to backshell?October 25, 1975
1975-054DUPPER HEMISPHERE AEROSHELLBackshellVENERA 101?discarded, soft landingOctober 25, 1975
1975-054DMAIN CHUTES4.3 m parachutesVENERA 103discarded, soft landingOctober 25, 1975
1975-054D4V-1 No.661 SAVenus landerVENERA 101landed, EOM, defunctOctober 25, 1975
1975-054DPENNANTSCommemorative itemsVENERA 102?fixed to the landerOctober 25, 1975
1975-054DVIEW-PORT COVERSCamera dust coversVENERA 101ejected on the surfaceOctober 25, 1975
1975-054DGAMMA-RAY SOIL DENSITOMETERScientific instrumentVENERA 101left on the surfaceOctober 25, 1975
1975-054DDUST COVERDust coverVENERA 101ejected on the surfaceOctober 25, 1975
1975-054DDEBRISDebris?VENERA 10?fell on the surface?October 25, 1975
1978-051APIONEER VENUS ORBITER + STAR 24Venus orbiter + Booster (insertion motor)PIONEER 12 (PIONEER VENUS 1)burned debris?EOM, incinerated upon atmospheric entryOctober 22, 1992
1978-078APIONEER VENUS PROBE BUSVenus probePIONEER 13 (PIONEER VENUS 2, PIONEER VENUS MULTIPROBE)burned debris?EOM, incinerated upon atmospheric entryDecember 9, 1978
1978-078DLARGE PROBE PILOT CHUTE COMPARTMENT COVERSBackshell elements (mortar)PIONEER 13 (PIONEER VENUS 2, PIONEER VENUS MULTIPROBE)scattereddiscarded, impactDecember 9, 1978
1978-078DLARGE PROBE PILOT CHUTE0.76 m parachutePIONEER 13 (PIONEER VENUS 2, PIONEER VENUS MULTIPROBE)1discarded, still attached to backshell?December 9, 1978
1978-078DLARGE PROBE AFT COVERBackshellPIONEER 13 (PIONEER VENUS 2, PIONEER VENUS MULTIPROBE)1?discarded, soft landing?December 9, 1978
1978-078DLARGE PROBE PARACHUTE4.94 m parachutePIONEER 13 (PIONEER VENUS 2, PIONEER VENUS MULTIPROBE)1discarded, soft landingDecember 9, 1978
1978-078DLARGE PROBE DECELERATION MODULEHeat shieldPIONEER 13 (PIONEER VENUS 2, PIONEER VENUS MULTIPROBE)scattereddiscarded, impactDecember 9, 1978
1978-078DLARGE PROBE (SOUNDER PROBE)Venus impact probePIONEER 13 (PIONEER VENUS 2, PIONEER VENUS MULTIPROBE)scatteredimpact, defunctDecember 9, 1978
1978-078ESMALL PROBE 1 (NORTH PROBE) + DECELERATION MODULEVenus impact probePIONEER 13 (PIONEER VENUS 2, PIONEER VENUS MULTIPROBE)scatteredimpact, defunctDecember 9, 1978
1978-078FSMALL PROBE 2 (NIGHT PROBE) + DECELERATION MODULEVenus impact probePIONEER 13 (PIONEER VENUS 2, PIONEER VENUS MULTIPROBE)scatteredimpact, defunctDecember 9, 1978
1978-078GSMALL PROBE 3 (DAY PROBE) + DECELERATION MODULEVenus impact probePIONEER 13 (PIONEER VENUS 2, PIONEER VENUS MULTIPROBE)1?hard landing, defunctDecember 9, 1978
1978-084DMETAL STRAPSDescent vehicule release mechanismVENERA 11burned debris?discarded, incinerated upon atmospheric entryDecember 23, 1978
1978-084DCHUTES COMPARTMENT COVERSBackshell elementsVENERA 11scattereddiscarded, impactDecember 25, 1978
1978-084DPILOT CHUTEParachuteVENERA 111discarded, still attached to braking chute?December 25, 1978
1978-084DLOWER HEMISPHERE AEROSHELLHeat shieldVENERA 11scattereddiscarded, impactDecember 25, 1978
1978-084DBRAKING CHUTEParachuteVENERA 111discarded, still attached to backshell?December 25, 1978
1978-084DUPPER HEMISPHERE AEROSHELLBackshellVENERA 111?discarded, soft landing?December 25, 1978
1978-084DMAIN CHUTE4.3 m parachuteVENERA 111discarded, soft landingDecember 25, 1978
1978-084D4V-1 No.360 SAVenus landerVENERA 111landed, EOM, defunctDecember 25, 1978
1978-084DPENNANTSCommemorative itemsVENERA 112?fixed to the landerDecember 25, 1978
1978-084DDRILL & SURFACE SAMPLERScientific instrumentVENERA 111left on the surfaceDecember 25, 1978
1978-084DPrOP-V SOIL PENETROMETERScientific instrumentVENERA 111left on the surfaceDecember 25, 1978
1978-084DDEBRISDebris?VENERA 11?fell on the surface?December 25, 1978
1978-086CMETAL STRAPSDescent vehicule release mechanismVENERA 12burned debris?discarded, incinerated upon atmospheric entryDecember 19, 1978
1978-086CCHUTES COMPARTMENT COVERSBackshell elementsVENERA 12scattereddiscarded, impactDecember 21, 1978
1978-086CPILOT CHUTEParachuteVENERA 121discarded, still attached to braking chute?December 21, 1978
1978-086CLOWER HEMISPHERE AEROSHELLHeat shieldVENERA 12scattereddiscarded, impactDecember 21, 1978
1978-086CBRAKING CHUTEParachuteVENERA 121discarded, still attached to backshell?December 21, 1978
1978-086CUPPER HEMISPHERE AEROSHELLBackshellVENERA 121?discarded, soft landing?December 21, 1978
1978-086CMAIN CHUTE4.3 m parachuteVENERA 121discarded, soft landingDecember 21, 1978
1978-086C4V-1 No.361 SAVenus landerVENERA 121landed, EOM, defunctDecember 21, 1978
1978-086CPENNANTSCommemorative itemsVENERA 122?fixed to the landerDecember 21, 1978
1978-086CDRILL & SURFACE SAMPLERScientific instrumentVENERA 121left on the surfaceDecember 21, 1978
1978-086CPrOP-V SOIL PENETROMETERScientific instrumentVENERA 121left on the surfaceDecember 21, 1978
1978-086CDEBRISDebris?VENERA 12?fell on the surface?December 21, 1978
1981-106DMETAL STRAPSDescent vehicule release mechanismVENERA 13burned debris?discarded, incinerated upon atmospheric entryFebruary 27, 1982
1981-106DCHUTES COMPARTMENT COVERSBackshell elementsVENERA 13scattereddiscarded, impactMarch 1, 1982
1981-106DPILOT CHUTEParachuteVENERA 131discarded, still attached to braking chute?March 1, 1982
1981-106DLOWER HEMISPHERE AEROSHELLHeat shieldVENERA 13scattereddiscarded, impactMarch 1, 1982
1981-106DBRAKING CHUTEParachuteVENERA 131discarded, still attached to backshell?March 1, 1982
1981-106DUPPER HEMISPHERE AEROSHELLBackshellVENERA 131?discarded, soft landing?March 1, 1982
1981-106DMAIN CHUTE4.3 m parachuteVENERA 131discarded, soft landingMarch 1, 1982
1981-106D4V-1M No.760 SAVenus landerVENERA 131landed, EOM, defunctMarch 1, 1982
1981-106DPENNANTSCommemorative itemsVENERA 132?fixed to the landerMarch 1, 1982
1981-106DVIEW-PORT COVERSCamera dust coversVENERA 132ejected on the surfaceMarch 1, 1982
1981-106DDRILL & SURFACE SAMPLERScientific instrumentVENERA 131left on the surfaceMarch 1, 1982
1981-106DPrOP-V SOIL PENETROMETERScientific instrumentVENERA 131left on the surfaceMarch 1, 1982
1981-106DDEBRISDebris?VENERA 13?fell on the surface?March 1, 1982
1981-110DMETAL STRAPSDescent vehicule release mechanismVENERA 14burned debris?discarded, incinerated upon atmospheric entryMarch 3, 1982
1981-110DCHUTES COMPARTMENT COVERSBackshell elementsVENERA 14scattereddiscarded, impactMarch 5, 1982
1981-110DPILOT CHUTEParachuteVENERA 141discarded, still attached to braking chute?March 5, 1982
1981-110DLOWER HEMISPHERE AEROSHELLHeat shieldVENERA 14scattereddiscarded, impactMarch 5, 1982
1981-110DBRAKING CHUTEParachuteVENERA 141discarded, still attached to backshell?March 5, 1982
1981-110DUPPER HEMISPHERE AEROSHELLBackshellVENERA 141?discarded, soft landing?March 5, 1982
1981-110DMAIN CHUTE4.3 m parachuteVENERA 141discarded, soft landingMarch 5, 1982
1981-110D4V-1M No.761 SAVenus landerVENERA 141landed, EOM, defunctMarch 5, 1982
1981-110DPENNANTSCommemorative itemsVENERA 142?fixed to the landerMarch 5, 1982
1981-110DVIEW-PORT COVERSCamera dust coversVENERA 142ejected on the surfaceMarch 5, 1982
1981-110DDRILL & SURFACE SAMPLERScientific instrumentVENERA 141left on the surfaceMarch 5, 1982
1981-110DPrOP-V SOIL PENETROMETERScientific instrumentVENERA 141left on the surfaceMarch 5, 1982
1981-110DDEBRISDebris?VENERA 14?fell on the surface?March 5, 1982
1984-125EMETAL STRAPSDescent vehicule release mechanismVEGA 1burned debris?discarded, incinerated upon atmospheric entryJune 9, 1985
1984-125EPILOT/DROGUE CHUTE COMPARTMENT COVERSBackshell elementsVEGA 1scattereddiscarded, impactJune 11, 1985
1984-125EPILOT/DROGUE CHUTEParachuteVEGA 11discarded, still attached to backshell?June 11, 1985
1984-125EUPPER HEMISPHERE AEROSHELLBackshellVEGA 11?discarded, soft landing?June 11, 1985
1984-125ELOWER HEMISPHERE AEROSHELLHeat shieldVEGA 1scattereddiscarded, impactJune 11, 1985
1984-125ESA MAIN CHUTEParachuteVEGA 11discarded, soft landingJune 11, 1985
1984-125E5VK No.901 SAVenus landerVEGA 11landed, EOM, defunctJune 11, 1985
1984-125EPENNANTSCommemorative itemsVEGA 12?fixed to the landerJune 11, 1985
1984-125EDRILL & SURFACE SAMPLERScientific instrumentVEGA 11?left on the surface?June 11, 1985
1984-125EGAMMA-RAY SOIL SPECTROMETERScientific instrumentVEGA 11?left on the surface?June 11, 1985
1984-125EPrOP-V SOIL PENETROMETERScientific instrumentVEGA 11?left on the surface?June 11, 1985
1984-125FAZ PILOT/DROGUE CHUTEParachuteVEGA 11discarded, soft landingJune 11, 1985
1984-125FAZ PARACHUTEBalloon package main parachuteVEGA 11discarded, soft landingJune 11, 1985
1984-125FAZ BALLOON PACKAGECanister w/ inflation systemVEGA 11?discarded, soft landing?June 11, 1985
1984-125FAZ BALLASTTorus-shaped ballastVEGA 1scattereddiscarded, impactJune 11, 1985
1984-125FAZ BALLOON + TETHER3.5 m diam. helium Venus balloon + 13 m tetherVEGA 11still attached to gondolaJune 13, 1985
1984-125F5VK No.901 AZ VEGA 16.9 kg Venus gondola w/ scientific instrumentsVEGA 11EOM, soft landing, defunctJune 13, 1985
1984-128EMETAL STRAPSDescent vehicule release mechanismVEGA 2burned debris?discarded, incinerated upon atmospheric entryJune 14, 1985
1984-128EPILOT/DROGUE CHUTE COMPARTMENT COVERSBackshell elementsVEGA 2scattereddiscarded, impactJune 15, 1985
1984-128EPILOT/DROGUE CHUTEParachuteVEGA 21discarded, still attached to backshell?June 15, 1985
1984-128EUPPER HEMISPHERE AEROSHELLBackshellVEGA 21?discarded, soft landing?June 15, 1985
1984-128ELOWER HEMISPHERE AEROSHELLHeat shieldVEGA 2scattereddiscarded, impactJune 15, 1985
1984-128ESA PARACHUTEParachuteVEGA 21discarded, soft landingJune 15, 1985
1984-128E5VK No.902 SAVenus landerVEGA 21landed, defunctJune 15, 1985
1984-128EPENNANTSCommemorative itemsVEGA 22?fixed to the landerJune 15, 1985
1984-128EDRILL & SURFACE SAMPLERScientific instrumentVEGA 21?left on the surface?June 15, 1985
1984-128EGAMMA-RAY SOIL SPECTROMETERScientific instrumentVEGA 21?left on the surface?June 15, 1985
1984-128EPrOP-V SOIL PENETROMETERScientific instrumentVEGA 21?left on the surface?June 15, 1985
1984-128FAZ PILOT/DROGUE CHUTEParachuteVEGA 21discarded, soft landingJune 15, 1985
1984-128FAZ PARACHUTEBalloon package main parachuteVEGA 21discarded, soft landingJune 15, 1985
1984-128FAZ BALLOON PACKAGECanister w/ inflation systemVEGA 21?discarded, soft landing?June 15, 1985
1984-128FAZ BALLASTTorus-shaped ballastVEGA 2scattereddiscarded, impactJune 15, 1985
1984-128FAZ BALLOON + TETHER3.5 m diam. helium Venus balloon + 13 m tetherVEGA 21still attached to gondolaJune 15, 1985
1984-128F5VK No.902 AZ VEGA 26.9 kg Venus gondola w/ scientific instrumentsVEGA 21EOM, soft landing, defunctJune 17, 1985
1989-033BSTAR 48BBooster (insertion motor)MAGELLANburned debris?EOM, incinerated upon atmospheric entryAugust 10, 1990
1989-033BMAGELLANVenus orbiterMAGELLANburned debris?EOM, incinerated upon atmospheric entryOctober 13, 1994
2005-045AVENUS EXPRESS + S400Venus orbiter + Booster (insertion motor)VENUS EXPRESSburned debris?EOM, incinerated upon atmospheric entryJanuary 18, 2015