Man made objects on Venus

Non-exhaustive list of artificial objects that have reached the surface of the planet Venus. Some of them were incinerated upon atmospheric entry and it is not know whether their debris have also reached the surface or not.

Over 160 artificial objects have been identified.

COSPAR IDnametypemissionquantity on surfacestatusdate/epoch (UTC)
1965-092A3MV-3 No.1 (KDU-414)Venus cruise stageVENERA 3burned debris?incinerated upon atmospheric entryMarch 1, 1966
1965-092ARETAINING RINGDescent vehicule cradle structureVENERA 3burned debris?incinerated upon atmospheric entryMarch 1, 1966
1965-092AMETAL STRAPSDescent vehicule release mechanismVENERA 3burned debris?incinerated upon atmospheric entryMarch 1, 1966
1965-092ATOP SHELLBackshellVENERA 3scattereddiscarded, impactMarch 1, 1966
1965-092ADROGUE CHUTEParachuteVENERA 31discarded, soft landingMarch 1, 1966
1965-092APILOT CHUTEParachuteVENERA 31discarded, soft landingMarch 1, 1966
1965-092AMAIN CHUTEParachuteVENERA 31attached to landerMarch 1, 1966
1965-092A3MV-3 No.1 SA + PENNANTSVenus landerVENERA 31LOS before atmospheric entry, landing assumed, inactiveMarch 1, 1966
1967-058A1V/V-67 No.310 (KDU-414)Venus cruise stageVENERA 4burned debris?incinerated upon atmospheric entryOctober 18, 1967
1967-058ARETAINING RINGDescent vehicule cradle structureVENERA 4burned debris?incinerated upon atmospheric entryOctober 18, 1967
1967-058AMETAL STRAPSDescent vehicule release mechanismVENERA 4burned debris?incinerated upon atmospheric entryOctober 18, 1967
1967-058ATOP SHELLBackshellVENERA 4scattereddiscarded, impactOctober 18, 1967
1967-058APILOT CHUTE2.2 m2 parachuteVENERA 41discarded, soft landingOctober 18, 1967
1967-058AMAIN CHUTE55 m2 parachuteVENERA 41attached to landerOctober 18, 1967
1967-058A1V/V-67 No.310 SA + PENNANTSVenus landerVENERA 41LOS during parachute descent, landing assumed, inactiveOctober 18, 1967
1969-001A2V/V-69 No.330 (KDU-414)Venus cruise stageVENERA 5burned debris?incinerated upon atmospheric entryMarch 16, 1969
1969-001ARETAINING RINGDescent vehicule cradle structureVENERA 5burned debris?incinerated upon atmospheric entryMarch 16, 1969
1969-001AMETAL STRAPSDescent vehicule release mechanismVENERA 5burned debris?incinerated upon atmospheric entryMarch 16, 1969
1969-001ATOP SHELLBackshellVENERA 5scattereddiscarded, impactMarch 16, 1969
1969-001APILOT CHUTE1.9 m2 parachuteVENERA 51discarded, soft landingMarch 16, 1969
1969-001AMAIN CHUTE12 m2 parachuteVENERA 51attached to landerMarch 16, 1969
1969-001A2V/V-69 No.330 SA + PENNANTSVenus landerVENERA 51LOS during parachute descent, landing assumed, inactiveMarch 16, 1969
1969-002A2V/V-69 No.331 (KDU-414)Venus cruise stageVENERA 6burned debris?incinerated upon atmospheric entryMay 17, 1969
1969-002ARETAINING RINGDescent vehicule cradle structureVENERA 6burned debris?incinerated upon atmospheric entryMay 17, 1969
1969-002AMETAL STRAPSDescent vehicule release mechanismVENERA 6burned debris?incinerated upon atmospheric entryMay 17, 1969
1969-002ATOP SHELLBackshellVENERA 6scattereddiscarded, impactMay 17, 1969
1969-002APILOT CHUTE1.9 m2 parachuteVENERA 61discarded, soft landingMay 17, 1969
1969-002AMAIN CHUTE12 m2 parachuteVENERA 61attached to landerMay 17, 1969
1969-002A2V/V-69 No.331 + PENNANTSVenus landerVENERA 61LOS during parachute descent, landing assumed, inactiveMay 17, 1969
1970-060A3V/V-70 No.630 (KDU-414)Venus cruise stageVENERA 7burned debris?incinerated upon atmospheric entryDecember 15, 1970
1970-060ARETAINING RINGDescent vehicule cradle structureVENERA 7burned debris?incinerated upon atmospheric entryDecember 15, 1970
1970-060AMETAL STRAPSDescent vehicule release mechanismVENERA 7burned debris?incinerated upon atmospheric entryDecember 15, 1970
1970-060ATOP SHELLBackshellVENERA 7scattereddiscarded, impactDecember 15, 1970
1970-060AMAIN CHUTE2.5 m2 parachuteVENERA 71ripped on descentDecember 15, 1970
1970-060A3V/V-70 No.630 SA + PENNANTSVenus landerVENERA 71hard landed, inactiveDecember 15, 1970
1972-021A3V/V-72 No.670 (KDU-414)Venus cruise stageVENERA 8burned debris?incinerated upon atmospheric entryJuly 22, 1972
1972-021ARETAINING RINGDescent vehicule cradle structureVENERA 8burned debris?incinerated upon atmospheric entryJuly 22, 1972
1972-021AMETAL STRAPSDescent vehicule release mechanismVENERA 8burned debris?incinerated upon atmospheric entryJuly 22, 1972
1972-021ATOP SHELLBackshellVENERA 8scattereddiscarded, impactJuly 22, 1972
1972-021AMAIN CHUTE2.5 m2 parachuteVENERA 81discarded, soft landingJuly 22, 1972
1972-021A3V/V-72 No.670 SA + PENNANTSVenus landerVENERA 81landed, inactiveJuly 22, 1972
1972-021ASECONDARY ANTENNA + CABLEExternal antenna w/ cableVENERA 82ejected on the surfaceJuly 22, 1972
1975-050DMETAL STRAPSDescent vehicule release mechanismVENERA 9burned debris?incinerated upon atmospheric entry?October 20, 1975
1975-050DCHUTE COMPARTMENT COVERSBackshell elementsVENERA 9scattereddiscarded, impactOctober 22, 1975
1975-050DPILOT CHUTEParachuteVENERA 91discarded, soft landingOctober 22, 1975
1975-050DDROGUE CHUTE2.8 m parachuteVENERA 91discarded, soft landingOctober 22, 1975
1975-050DLOWER HEMISPHERE AEROSHELLHeat shieldVENERA 9scattereddiscarded, impactOctober 22, 1975
1975-050DBRAKING CHUTEParachuteVENERA 91discarded, soft landingOctober 22, 1975
1975-050DUPPER HEMISPHERE AEROSHELLBackshellVENERA 91?discarded, soft landingOctober 22, 1975
1975-050DMAIN CHUTES4.3 m parachutesVENERA 93discarded, soft landingOctober 22, 1975
1975-050D4V-1 No.660 SA + PENNANTSVenus landerVENERA 91landed, inactiveOctober 22, 1975
1975-050DVIEW-PORT COVERSCamera dust coversVENERA 91ejected on the surfaceOctober 22, 1975
1975-050DGAMMA-RAY SOIL DENSITOMETERScientific instrumentVENERA 91?left on the surface?October 22, 1975
1975-054DMETAL STRAPSDescent vehicule release mechanismVENERA 10burned debris?incinerated upon atmospheric entry?October 23, 1975
1975-054DCHUTE COMPARTMENT COVERSBackshell elementsVENERA 10scattereddiscarded, impactOctober 25, 1975
1975-054DPILOT CHUTEParachuteVENERA 101discarded, soft landingOctober 25, 1975
1975-054DDROGUE CHUTE2.8 m parachuteVENERA 101discarded, soft landingOctober 25, 1975
1975-054DLOWER HEMISPHERE AEROSHELLHeat shieldVENERA 10scattereddiscarded, impactOctober 25, 1975
1975-054DBRAKING CHUTEParachuteVENERA 101discarded, soft landingOctober 25, 1975
1975-054DUPPER HEMISPHERE AEROSHELLBackshellVENERA 101?discarded, soft landingOctober 25, 1975
1975-054DMAIN CHUTES4.3 m parachutesVENERA 103discarded, soft landingOctober 25, 1975
1975-054D4V-1 No.661 SA + PENNANTSVenus landerVENERA 101landed, inactiveOctober 25, 1975
1975-054DVIEW-PORT COVERSCamera dust coversVENERA 101ejected on the surfaceOctober 25, 1975
1975-054DGAMMA-RAY SOIL DENSITOMETERScientific instrumentVENERA 101?left on the surface?October 25, 1975
1978-051APIONEER VENUS ORBITER + STAR 24Venus orbiter + Booster (insertion motor)PIONEER 12 (PIONEER VENUS 1)burned debris?EOM, incinerated upon atmospheric entryOctober 22, 1992
1978-078APIONEER VENUS PROBE BUSVenus probePIONEER 13 (PIONEER VENUS 2)burned debris?EOM, incinerated upon atmospheric entryDecember 9, 1978
1978-078DLARGE PROBE DECELERATION MODULEInsertion motorPIONEER 13 (PIONEER VENUS 2)1discarded, impactDecember 9, 1978
1978-078DLARGE PROBE CHUTE COMPARTMENT COVERSBackshell elements (mortar)PIONEER 13 (PIONEER VENUS 2)scattereddiscarded, impactDecember 9, 1978
1978-078DLARGE PROBE PILOT CHUTE0.76 m parachutePIONEER 13 (PIONEER VENUS 2)1discarded, soft landingDecember 9, 1978
1978-078DLARGE PROBE AFT COVERBackshellPIONEER 13 (PIONEER VENUS 2)1?discarded, soft landing?December 9, 1978
1978-078DLARGE PROBE PARACHUTE4.94 m parachutePIONEER 13 (PIONEER VENUS 2)1discarded, soft landingDecember 9, 1978
1978-078DLARGE PROBE AEROSHELLHeat shieldPIONEER 13 (PIONEER VENUS 2)scattereddiscarded, impactDecember 9, 1978
1978-078DLARGE PROBE (SOUNDER PROBE)Venus impact probePIONEER 13 (PIONEER VENUS 2)scatteredEOM,impactDecember 9, 1978
1978-078ESMALL PROBE 1 (NORTH PROBE)Venus impact probePIONEER 13 (PIONEER VENUS 2)scatteredEOM,impactDecember 9, 1978
1978-078FSMALL PROBE 2 (NIGHT PROBE)Venus impact probePIONEER 13 (PIONEER VENUS 2)scatteredEOM,impactDecember 9, 1978
1978-078GSMALL PROBE 3 (DAY PROBE)Venus impact probePIONEER 13 (PIONEER VENUS 2)1?EOM, hard landingDecember 9, 1978
1978-084DMETAL STRAPSDescent vehicule release mechanismVENERA 11burned debris?incinerated upon atmospheric entry?December 23, 1978
1978-084DCHUTE COMPARTMENT COVERSBackshell elementsVENERA 11scattereddiscarded, impactDecember 25, 1978
1978-084DPILOT CHUTEParachuteVENERA 111discarded, soft landingDecember 25, 1978
1978-084DLOWER HEMISPHERE AEROSHELLHeat shieldVENERA 11scattereddiscarded, impactDecember 25, 1978
1978-084DBRAKING CHUTEParachuteVENERA 111discarded, soft landingDecember 25, 1978
1978-084DUPPER HEMISPHERE AEROSHELLBackshellVENERA 111?discarded, soft landing?December 25, 1978
1978-084DMAIN CHUTE4.3 m parachuteVENERA 111discarded, soft landingDecember 25, 1978
1978-084D4V-1 No.360 SA + PENNANTSVenus landerVENERA 111landed, inactiveDecember 25, 1978
1978-084DDRILL & SURFACE SAMPLERScientific instrumentVENERA 111?left on the surface?December 25, 1978
1978-084DPrOP-V SOIL PENETROMETERScientific instrumentVENERA 111?left on the surface?December 25, 1978
1978-086CMETAL STRAPSDescent vehicule release mechanismVENERA 12burned debris?incinerated upon atmospheric entry?December 19, 1978
1978-086CCHUTE COMPARTMENT COVERSBackshell elementsVENERA 12scattereddiscarded, impactDecember 21, 1978
1978-086CPILOT CHUTEParachuteVENERA 121discarded, soft landingDecember 21, 1978
1978-086CLOWER HEMISPHERE AEROSHELLHeat shieldVENERA 12scattereddiscarded, impactDecember 21, 1978
1978-086CBRAKING CHUTEParachuteVENERA 121discarded, soft landingDecember 21, 1978
1978-086CUPPER HEMISPHERE AEROSHELLBackshellVENERA 121?discarded, soft landing?December 21, 1978
1978-086CMAIN CHUTE4.3 m parachuteVENERA 121discarded, soft landingDecember 21, 1978
1978-086C4V-1 No.361 SA + PENNANTSVenus landerVENERA 121landed, inactiveDecember 21, 1978
1978-086CDRILL & SURFACE SAMPLERScientific instrumentVENERA 121?left on the surface?December 21, 1978
1978-086CPrOP-V SOIL PENETROMETERScientific instrumentVENERA 121?left on the surface?December 21, 1978
1981-106DMETAL STRAPSDescent vehicule release mechanismVENERA 13burned debris?incinerated upon atmospheric entry?February 27, 1982
1981-106DCHUTE COMPARTMENT COVERSBackshell elementsVENERA 13scattereddiscarded, impactMarch 1, 1982
1981-106DPILOT CHUTEParachuteVENERA 131discarded, soft landingMarch 1, 1982
1981-106DLOWER HEMISPHERE AEROSHELLHeat shieldVENERA 13scattereddiscarded, impactMarch 1, 1982
1981-106DBRAKING CHUTEParachuteVENERA 131discarded, soft landingMarch 1, 1982
1981-106DUPPER HEMISPHERE AEROSHELLBackshellVENERA 131?discarded, soft landing?March 1, 1982
1981-106DMAIN CHUTE4.3 m parachuteVENERA 131discarded, soft landingMarch 1, 1982
1981-106D4V-1M No.760 SA + PENNANTSVenus landerVENERA 131landed, inactiveMarch 1, 1982
1981-106DVIEW-PORT COVERSCamera dust coversVENERA 132ejected on the surfaceMarch 1, 1982
1981-106DDRILL & SURFACE SAMPLERScientific instrumentVENERA 131?left on the surface?March 1, 1982
1981-106DPrOP-V SOIL PENETROMETERScientific instrumentVENERA 131?left on the surface?March 1, 1982
1981-110DMETAL STRAPSDescent vehicule release mechanismVENERA 14burned debris?incinerated upon atmospheric entry?March 3, 1982
1981-110DCHUTE COMPARTMENT COVERSBackshell elementsVENERA 14scattereddiscarded, impactMarch 5, 1982
1981-110DPILOT CHUTEParachuteVENERA 141discarded, soft landingMarch 5, 1982
1981-110DLOWER HEMISPHERE AEROSHELLHeat shieldVENERA 14scattereddiscarded, impactMarch 5, 1982
1981-110DBRAKING CHUTEParachuteVENERA 141discarded, soft landingMarch 5, 1982
1981-110DUPPER HEMISPHERE AEROSHELLBackshellVENERA 141?discarded, soft landing?March 5, 1982
1981-110DMAIN CHUTEMain chuteVENERA 141discarded, soft landingMarch 5, 1982
1981-110D4V-1M No.761 SA + PENNANTSVenus landerVENERA 141landed, inactiveMarch 5, 1982
1981-110DVIEW-PORT COVERSCamera dust coversVENERA 142ejected on the surfaceMarch 5, 1982
1981-110DDRILL & SURFACE SAMPLERScientific instrumentVENERA 141?left on the surface?March 5, 1982
1981-110DPrOP-V SOIL PENETROMETERScientific instrumentVENERA 141?left on the surface?March 5, 1982
1984-125EMETAL STRAPSDescent vehicule release mechanismVEGA 1burned debris?incinerated upon atmospheric entry?June 9, 1985
1984-125ECHUTE COMPARTMENT COVERSBackshell elementsVEGA 1scattereddiscarded, impactJune 11, 1985
1984-125EPILOT/DROGUE CHUTEParachuteVEGA 11discarded, soft landingJune 11, 1985
1984-125EUPPER HEMISPHERE AEROSHELLBackshellVEGA 11?discarded, soft landing?June 11, 1985
1984-125ELOWER HEMISPHERE AEROSHELLHeat shieldVEGA 1scattereddiscarded, impactJune 11, 1985
1984-125ESA MAIN CHUTEMain chuteVEGA 11discarded, soft landingJune 11, 1985
1984-125E5VK No.901 SA + PENNANTSVenus landerVEGA 11landed, inactiveJune 11, 1985
1984-125EDRILL & SURFACE SAMPLERScientific instrumentVEGA 11?left on the surface?June 11, 1985
1984-125EGAMMA-RAY SOIL SPECTROMETERScientific instrumentVEGA 11?left on the surface?June 11, 1985
1984-125EPrOP-V SOIL PENETROMETERScientific instrumentVEGA 11?left on the surface?June 11, 1985
1984-125FAZ PILOT/DROGUE CHUTEParachuteVEGA 11discarded, soft landingJune 11, 1985
1984-125FAZ PARACHUTEBalloon package main parachuteVEGA 11discarded, soft landingJune 11, 1985
1984-125FAZ BALLOON PACKAGECanister w/ inflation systemVEGA 11?discarded, soft landing?June 11, 1985
1984-125FAZ BALLASTTorus-shaped ballastVEGA 1scattereddiscarded, impactJune 11, 1985
1984-125FAZ BALLOONVenus balloonVEGA 11EOM, soft landingJune 13, 1985
1984-125F5VK No.901 AZ VEGA 1Venus gondola w/ scientific instrumentsVEGA 11EOM, soft landingJune 13, 1985
1984-128EMETAL STRAPSDescent vehicule release mechanismVEGA 2burned debris?incinerated upon atmospheric entry?June 14, 1985
1984-128ECHUTE COMPARTMENT COVERSBackshell elementsVEGA 2scattereddiscarded, impactJune 15, 1985
1984-128EPILOT/DROGUE CHUTEParachuteVEGA 21discarded, soft landingJune 15, 1985
1984-128EUPPER HEMISPHERE AEROSHELLBackshellVEGA 21?discarded, soft landing?June 15, 1985
1984-128ELOWER HEMISPHERE AEROSHELLHeat shieldVEGA 2scattereddiscarded, impactJune 15, 1985
1984-128ESA PARACHUTEMain chuteVEGA 21discarded, soft landingJune 15, 1985
1984-128E5VK No.902 SA + PENNANTSVenus landerVEGA 21landed, inactiveJune 15, 1985
1984-128EDRILL & SURFACE SAMPLERScientific instrumentVEGA 21?left on the surface?June 15, 1985
1984-128EGAMMA-RAY SOIL SPECTROMETERScientific instrumentVEGA 21?left on the surface?June 15, 1985
1984-128EPrOP-V SOIL PENETROMETERScientific instrumentVEGA 21?left on the surface?June 15, 1985
1984-128FAZ PILOT/DROGUE CHUTEParachuteVEGA 21discarded, soft landingJune 15, 1985
1984-128FAZ PARACHUTEBalloon package main parachuteVEGA 21discarded, soft landingJune 15, 1985
1984-128FAZ BALLOON PACKAGECanister w/ inflation systemVEGA 21?discarded, soft landing?June 15, 1985
1984-128FAZ BALLASTTorus-shaped ballastVEGA 2scattereddiscarded, impactJune 15, 1985
1984-128FAZ BALLOONVenus balloonVEGA 21EOM, soft landingJune 15, 1985
1984-128F5VK No.902 AZ VEGA 2Venus gondola w/ scientific instrumentsVEGA 21EOM, soft landingJune 17, 1985
1989-033BMAGELLAN + STAR 48BVenus orbiter + Booster (insertion motor)MAGELLANburned debris?EOM, incinerated upon atmospheric entryOctober 13, 1994
2005-045AVENUS EXPRESS + S400Venus orbiter + Booster (insertion motor)VENUS EXPRESSburned debris?EOM, incinerated upon atmospheric entryJanuary 18, 2015
TOTAL160+