Man made objects on Mars

Non-exhaustive list of artificial objects that have reached the surface of the planet Mars. Some of them were incinerated upon atmospheric entry and it is not know whether their debris have also reached the surface or not.

Over 160 artificial objects have been identified.

COSPAR IDnametypemissionquantity on surfacestatusdate/epoch (UTC)
1971-045DPROPULSION RING ASSEMBLYEntry injection boosterMARS 2burned debris?incinerated upon atmospheric entryNovember 27, 1971
1971-045D4M/M-71P No.171 SA + PrOP-M + PENNANTSMars lander + RoverMARS 2scatteredcrashedNovember 27, 1971
1971-049EPROPULSION RING ASSEMBLYEntry injection boosterMARS 3burned debris?incinerated upon atmospheric entryDecember 02, 1971
1971-049EDROGUE CHUTE COMPARTMENT COVERSParachute coverMARS 3scattereddiscarded, impactDecember 02, 1971
1971-049EDROGUE CHUTE EXTRACTION ROCKETDrogue parachute pyroMARS 31?discarded, soft landing?December 02, 1971
1971-049EDROGUE CHUTE13 m2 parachuteMARS 31discarded, soft landingDecember 02, 1971
1971-049EMAIN CHUTE TOROIDAL COVERParachute coverMARS 31?discarded, soft landing?December 02, 1971
1971-049EMAIN CHUTE140 m2 parachuteMARS 31discarded, soft landingDecember 02, 1971
1971-049EAEROSHELLHeatshieldMARS 3scattereddiscarded, impactDecember 02, 1971
1971-049EMAIN CHUTE ROCKETParachute disposal rocketMARS 31discarded, hard landingDecember 02, 1971
1971-049ESKYCRANETerminal landing rockets containerMARS 32?discarded, hard landingDecember 02, 1971
1971-049ETOP COVERLander top foam capMARS 31ejected on the surfaceDecember 02, 1971
1971-049E4M/M-71P No.172 SAMars landerMARS 31landed, inactiveDecember 02, 1971
1971-049EPrOP-M TETHERED ROVER + DEPLOYMENT ARMMars rover + extendable armMARS 31?released after landing?December 02, 1971
1973-052DPROPULSION RING ASSEMBLYEntry injection boosterMARS 6burned debris?incinerated upon atmospheric entryMarch 12, 1974
1973-052DDROGUE CHUTE COMPARTMENT COVERSParachute coverMARS 6scattereddiscarded, impactMarch 12, 1974
1973-052DDROGUE CHUTE EXTRACTION ROCKETDrogue parachute pyroMARS 61?discarded, soft landing?March 12, 1974
1973-052DDROGUE CHUTE13 m2 parachuteMARS 61discarded, soft landingMarch 12, 1974
1973-052DMAIN CHUTE TOROIDAL COVERParachute coverMARS 61?discarded, soft landing?March 12, 1974
1973-052DMAIN CHUTE140 m2 parachuteMARS 61discarded, soft landingMarch 12, 1974
1973-052DAEROSHELLHeatshieldMARS 6scattereddiscarded, impactMarch 12, 1974
1973-052DMAIN CHUTE ROCKETParachute disposal rocketMARS 61discarded, hard landingMarch 12, 1974
1973-052DSKYCRANETerminal landing rockets containerMARS 62?discarded, hard landingMarch 12, 1974
1973-052DTOP COVERLander top foam capMARS 61?ejected on the surface?March 12, 1974
1973-052D3MP/M-73P No.50P SAMars landerMARS 61?hard landed or crashed?March 12, 1974
1973-052DGAMMA X-RAY SPECTROMETERScientific instrumentMARS 61?deployed on the surface?March 12, 1974
1973-052DPrOP-M TETHERED ROVER + DEPLOYMENT ARMMars rover + extendable armMARS 61?deployed on the surface?March 12, 1974
1975-075CCHUTE COMPARTMENT COVERParachute coverVIKING 1scattereddiscarded, impactJuly 20, 1976
1975-075CAEROSHELLHeatshieldVIKING 1scattereddiscarded, impactJuly 20, 1976
1975-075CMAIN CHUTE16.2 m parachuteVIKING 11discarded, soft landingJuly 20, 1976
1975-075CBACKSHELLAeroshell base coverVIKING 11discarded, soft landing?July 20, 1976
1975-075CVIKING LANDER 1Mars landerVIKING 11landed, inactiveJuly 20, 1976
1975-075CFURLABLE BOOM RELEASE PINPinVIKING 11?ejected on the surface?July 20, 1976
1975-075CCHSU (COLLECTOR HEAD SHROUD UNIT)Sampler head protective shroudVIKING 11ejected on the surfaceJuly 20, 1976
1975-075CFURLABLE BOOM + COLLECTOR HEADRobotic arm + scientific instrumentsVIKING 11?left on the surface?July 20, 1976
1975-083CCHUTE COMPARTMENT COVERParachute coverVIKING 2scattereddiscarded, impactSeptember 03, 1976
1975-083CAEROSHELLHeatshieldVIKING 2scattereddiscarded, impactSeptember 03, 1976
1975-083CMAIN CHUTE16.2 m parachuteVIKING 21discarded, soft landingSeptember 03, 1976
1975-083CBACKSHELLAeroshell base coverVIKING 21?discarded, soft landing?September 03, 1976
1975-083CVIKING LANDER 2Mars landerVIKING 21landed, inactiveSeptember 03, 1976
1975-083CFURLABLE BOOM RELEASE PINPinVIKING 21?ejected on the surface?September 03, 1976
1975-083CCHSU (COLLECTOR HEAD SHROUD UNIT)Sampler head protective shroudVIKING 21ejected on the surfaceSeptember 03, 1976
1975-083CFURLABLE BOOM + COLLECTOR HEADRobotic arm + scientific instrumentsVIKING 21?left on the surface?September 03, 1976
1996-068AMPF CRUISE STAGEMars cruise busMARS PATHFINDER (DISCOVERY 1)burned debris?incinerated upon atmospheric entryJuly 04, 1997
1996-068ACHUTE COMPARTMENT COVERSBackshell elements (mortar)MARS PATHFINDER (DISCOVERY 1)scattereddiscarded, impactJuly 04, 1997
1996-068AMAIN CHUTE12.7 m parachuteMARS PATHFINDER (DISCOVERY 1)1discarded, soft landingJuly 04, 1997
1996-068AHEATSHIELDHeatshieldMARS PATHFINDER (DISCOVERY 1)scattereddiscarded, impactJuly 04, 1997
1996-068ABACKSHELLBackshell + deceleration rockets + 20 m bridleMARS PATHFINDER (DISCOVERY 1)1?discarded, soft landing?July 04, 1997
1996-068AMPF LANDER (SAGAN MEMORIAL STATION)Mars lander + airbagsMARS PATHFINDER (DISCOVERY 1)1landed, inactiveJuly 04, 1997
1996-068AMFEX ROVER (SOJOURNER)Mars roverMARS PATHFINDER (DISCOVERY 1)1deployed on the surface, inactveJuly 04, 1997
1996-068AAPXS (ALPHA PARTICLE X-RAY SPECTROMETER)Scientific instrumentMARS PATHFINDER (DISCOVERY 1)1?left on the surface?July 04, 1997
1998-073AMARS CLIMATE ORBITERMars orbiterMARS CLIMATE ORBITER (MARS SURVEYOR '98 ORBITER)burned debris?incinerated upon atmospheric entrySeptember 23, 1999
1999-001AMPL CRUISE STAGEMars cruise busMARS POLAR LANDER/DEEP SPACE 2 (MARS SURVEYOR '98 LANDER)burned debris?incinerated upon atmospheric entryDecember 03, 1999
1999-001ADEEP SPACE 2 MICROPROBE 1 AEROSHELLHeatshield + backshellMARS POLAR LANDER/DEEP SPACE 2 (MARS SURVEYOR '98 LANDER)scattereddiscarded, impactDecember 03, 1999
1999-001ADEEP SPACE 2 MICROPROBE 1 (SCOTT)Mars impact probe (forebody + aftbody)MARS POLAR LANDER/DEEP SPACE 2 (MARS SURVEYOR '98 LANDER)1?LOS, hard landed or crashed?December 03, 1999
1999-001ADEEP SPACE 2 MICROPROBE 2 AEROSHELLHeatshield + backshellMARS POLAR LANDER/DEEP SPACE 2 (MARS SURVEYOR '98 LANDER)scattereddiscarded, impactDecember 03, 1999
1999-001ADEEP SPACE 2 MICROPROBE 2 (AMUNDSEN)Mars impact probe (forebody + aftbody)MARS POLAR LANDER/DEEP SPACE 2 (MARS SURVEYOR '98 LANDER)1?LOS, hard landed or crashed?December 03, 1999
1999-001ACHUTE COMPARTMENT COVERParachute coverMARS POLAR LANDER/DEEP SPACE 2 (MARS SURVEYOR '98 LANDER)scattereddiscarded, impactDecember 03, 1999
1999-001AMAIN CHUTE11.8 m parachuteMARS POLAR LANDER/DEEP SPACE 2 (MARS SURVEYOR '98 LANDER)1discarded, soft landing?December 03, 1999
1999-001AHEATSHIELDHeatshieldMARS POLAR LANDER/DEEP SPACE 2 (MARS SURVEYOR '98 LANDER)scattereddiscarded, impactDecember 03, 1999
1999-001ABACKSHELLBackshellMARS POLAR LANDER/DEEP SPACE 2 (MARS SURVEYOR '98 LANDER)1?discarded, soft landing?December 03, 1999
1999-001AMPL LANDERMars landerMARS POLAR LANDER/DEEP SPACE 2 (MARS SURVEYOR '98 LANDER)1?LOS, hard landed or crashed, inactiveDecember 03, 1999
2003-022CCHUTE COMPARTMENT COVERParachute coverMARS EXPRESS/BEAGLE 2scattereddiscarded, impactDecember 25, 2003
2003-022CPILOT CHUTE1.92 m parachuteMARS EXPRESS/BEAGLE 21discarded, soft landingDecember 25, 2003
2003-022CBACKSHELLBack coverMARS EXPRESS/BEAGLE 21?discarded, soft landing?December 25, 2003
2003-022CMAIN CHUTE10 m parachute and bridleMARS EXPRESS/BEAGLE 21discarded, soft landingDecember 25, 2003
2003-022CHEATSHIELDHeatshieldMARS EXPRESS/BEAGLE 2scattereddiscarded, impactDecember 25, 2003
2003-022CLANDING CUSHIONSAirbagsMARS EXPRESS/BEAGLE 23discarded on the surfaceDecember 25, 2003
2003-022CBEAGLE 2 LANDERMars landerMARS EXPRESS/BEAGLE 21LOS, hard landed, inactiveDecember 25, 2003
2003-022CPAW (PAYLOAD ADJUSTABLE WORKBENCH)Robotic arm + scientific instrumentsMARS EXPRESS/BEAGLE 21?deployed on the surface?December 25, 2003
2003-022CPLUTO (PLANETARY UNDERSURFACE TOOL)Scientific instrumentMARS EXPRESS/BEAGLE 21?deployed on the surface?December 25, 2003
2003-027AMER-A/MER-2 CRUISE STAGEMars cruise busMARS EXPLORATION ROVER 2 (MER-A/MER-2, SPIRIT)burned debris?incinerated upon atmospheric entryJanuary 04, 2004
2003-027ACHUTE COMPARTMENT COVERParachute coverMARS EXPLORATION ROVER 2 (MER-A/MER-2, SPIRIT)scattereddiscarded, impactJanuary 04, 2004
2003-027AMAIN CHUTE15 m parachute and bridleMARS EXPLORATION ROVER 2 (MER-A/MER-2, SPIRIT)1discarded, soft landingJanuary 04, 2004
2003-027AHEATSHIELDHeatshieldMARS EXPLORATION ROVER 2 (MER-A/MER-2, SPIRIT)scattereddiscarded, impactJanuary 04, 2004
2003-027ABACKSHELLBackshell + deceleration rockets + 20 m bridleMARS EXPLORATION ROVER 2 (MER-A/MER-2, SPIRIT)1?discarded, soft landing?January 04, 2004
2003-027AMER-A/MER-2 LANDER (COLUMBIA MEMORIAL STATION)Mars landerMARS EXPLORATION ROVER 2 (MER-A/MER-2, SPIRIT)1landed, inactiveJanuary 04, 2004
2003-027ASPIRIT ROVERMars roverMARS EXPLORATION ROVER 2 (MER-A/MER-2, SPIRIT)1deployed on the surface, inactiveJanuary 04, 2004
2003-027AROVER IDD (INSTRUMENT DEPLOYMENT DEVICE)Robotic arm + scientific instrumentsMARS EXPLORATION ROVER 2 (MER-A/MER-2, SPIRIT)1left on the surface?January 04, 2004
2003-032AMER-B/MER-1 CRUISE STAGEMars cruise busMARS EXPLORATION ROVER 1 (MER-B/MER-1, OPPORTUNITY)burned debris?incinerated upon atmospheric entryJanuary 24, 2004
2003-032ACHUTE COMPARTMENT COVERParachute coverMARS EXPLORATION ROVER 1 (MER-B/MER-1, OPPORTUNITY)scattereddiscarded, impactJanuary 24, 2004
2003-032AMAIN CHUTE15 m parachute and bridleMARS EXPLORATION ROVER 1 (MER-B/MER-1, OPPORTUNITY)1discarded, soft landingJanuary 24, 2004
2003-032AHEATSHIELDHeatshieldMARS EXPLORATION ROVER 1 (MER-B/MER-1, OPPORTUNITY)scattereddiscarded, impactJanuary 24, 2004
2003-032ASPRINGSHeatshield partsMARS EXPLORATION ROVER 1 (MER-B/MER-1, OPPORTUNITY)2?separated from the heatshield, on the surfaceJanuary 24, 2004
2003-032ABACKSHELLBackshell + deceleration rockets + 20 m bridleMARS EXPLORATION ROVER 1 (MER-B/MER-1, OPPORTUNITY)1?discarded, soft landing?January 24, 2004
2003-032AMER-B/MER-1 LANDER (CHALLENGER MEMORIAL STATION)Mars landerMARS EXPLORATION ROVER 1 (MER-B/MER-1, OPPORTUNITY)1landed, inactiveJanuary 24, 2004
2003-032AOPPORTUNITY ROVERMars roverMARS EXPLORATION ROVER 1 (MER-B/MER-1, OPPORTUNITY)1deployed on the surface, inactiveJanuary 24, 2004
2003-032AROVER IDD (INSTRUMENT DEPLOYMENT DEVICE)Robotic arm + scientific instrumentsMARS EXPLORATION ROVER 1 (MER-B/MER-1, OPPORTUNITY)1?left on the surface?January 24, 2004
2007-034APHOENIX CRUISE STAGEMars cruise busPHOENIX (MARS SCOUT 1)burned debris?incinerated upon atmospheric entryMay 24, 2008
2007-034ACHUTE COMPARTMENT COVERParachute coverPHOENIX (MARS SCOUT 1)scattereddiscarded, impactMay 24, 2008
2007-034AMAIN CHUTE11.8 m parachutePHOENIX (MARS SCOUT 1)1discarded, soft landingMay 24, 2008
2007-034AHEATSHIELDHeatshieldPHOENIX (MARS SCOUT 1)scattereddiscarded, impactMay 24, 2008
2007-034ABACKSHELLBackshellPHOENIX (MARS SCOUT 1)1?discarded, soft landing?May 24, 2008
2007-034APHOENIX LANDERMars landerPHOENIX (MARS SCOUT 1)1landed, inactiveMay 24, 2008
2007-034ASCOOP SAMPLERRobotic arm scoopPHOENIX (MARS SCOUT 1)1inserted into the groundOctober 08, 2009
2007-034ASOLAR PANELSSolar array panelsPHOENIX (MARS SCOUT 1)2?fell on the surfaceMay 15, 2010
2011-070AMSL CRUISE STAGEMars cruise busMARS SCIENCE LABORATORY (MSL, CURIOSITY)burned debris?incinerated upon atmospheric entryAugust 06, 2012
2011-070ACRUISE BALLAST MASS (CMBD)75 kg tungsten weightsMARS SCIENCE LABORATORY (MSL, CURIOSITY)2, burned debris?incinerated upon atmospheric entry?August 06, 2012
2011-070AENTRY BALLAST MASS (EMBD)25 kg tungsten weightsMARS SCIENCE LABORATORY (MSL, CURIOSITY)6, scattered?discarded, impactAugust 06, 2012
2011-070ACHUTE COMPARTMENT COVERParachute coverMARS SCIENCE LABORATORY (MSL, CURIOSITY)scattereddiscarded, impactAugust 06, 2012
2011-070AMAIN CHUTEParachuteMARS SCIENCE LABORATORY (MSL, CURIOSITY)1discarded, soft landingAugust 06, 2012
2011-070AHEATSHIELDHeatshieldMARS SCIENCE LABORATORY (MSL, CURIOSITY)scattereddiscarded, impactAugust 06, 2012
2011-070ABACKSHELLBackshellMARS SCIENCE LABORATORY (MSL, CURIOSITY)1?discarded, still attached to main chute, soft landing?August 06, 2012
2011-070ASKYCRANEDescent stage + 20 m bridleMARS SCIENCE LABORATORY (MSL, CURIOSITY)1?discarded, hard landingAugust 06, 2012
2011-070ACURIOSITY ROVERMars roverMARS SCIENCE LABORATORY (MSL, CURIOSITY)1landed, currently in useAugust 06, 2012
2011-070ACAMERAS AND INSTRUMENTS COVERSDust coversMARS SCIENCE LABORATORY (MSL, CURIOSITY)?discarded on the surface?August 06, 2012
2011-070AROVER IDD (INSTRUMENT DEPLOYMENT DEVICE)Robotic arm + scientific instrumentsMARS SCIENCE LABORATORY (MSL, CURIOSITY)1currently in useAugust 06, 2012
2011-070AALUMINUM WHEELS BROKEN PARTSAluminum partsMARS SCIENCE LABORATORY (MSL, CURIOSITY)scattered along the track of the roverbroke, fell on the surfaceAugust 06, 2012
2016-017ACHUTE COMPARTMENT COVERParachute coverEXO MARS TRACE GAS ORBITERscattereddiscarded, impactOctober 19, 2016
2016-017AMAIN CHUTEParachuteEXO MARS TRACE GAS ORBITER1discarded, soft landingOctober 19, 2016
2016-017AHEATSHIELDHeatshieldEXO MARS TRACE GAS ORBITERscattereddiscarded, impactOctober 19, 2016
2016-017AREAR HEAT COVERBackshellEXO MARS TRACE GAS ORBITER1?discarded, soft landing?October 19, 2016
2016-017ASCHIAPARELLI EDM SURFACE PACKAGEMars landerEXO MARS TRACE GAS ORBITERscatteredcrashedOctober 19, 2016
2018-042AINSIGHT CRUISE STAGEMars cruise busINSIGHT (DISCOVERY 12)burned debris?incinerated upon atmospheric entryNovember 26, 2018
2018-042ACHUTE COMPARTMENT COVERParachute coverINSIGHT (DISCOVERY 12)scattereddiscarded, impactNovember 26, 2018
2018-042AMAIN CHUTEParachuteINSIGHT (DISCOVERY 12)1discarded, soft landingNovember 26, 2018
2018-042AHEATSHIELDHeatshieldINSIGHT (DISCOVERY 12)scattereddiscarded, impactNovember 26, 2018
2018-042ABACKSHELLBackshellINSIGHT (DISCOVERY 12)1?discarded, soft landing?November 26, 2018
2018-042AINSIGHTMars landerINSIGHT (DISCOVERY 12)1landed, currently in useNovember 26, 2018
2018-042AIDA (INSTRUMENT DEPLOYMENT ARM)Robotic arm w/ scoop, claw and cameraINSIGHT (DISCOVERY 12)1currently in useNovember 26, 2018
2018-042ASEIS (SEISMIC EXPERIMENT FOR INTERIOR STRUCTURE)Scientific instrumentINSIGHT (DISCOVERY 12)1deployed on the surface, currently in useDecember 19, 2018
2018-042ASEIS ENGINEERING TETHERCableINSIGHT (DISCOVERY 12)1deployed on the surfaceDecember 19, 2018
2018-042AHP3 (HEAT FLOW & PHYSICAL PROPERTIES PACKAGE)Scientific instrumentINSIGHT (DISCOVERY 12)1deployed on the surface, currently in useFebruary 12, 2019
2018-042AHP3 ENGINEERING TETHERCableINSIGHT (DISCOVERY 12)1deployed on the surfaceFebruary 12, 2019
2018-042AHP3 HEAT FLOW PROBEMole penetratorINSIGHT (DISCOVERY 12)1partially buried into the surfaceFebruary 28, 2019
2018-042AHP3 SCIENCE TETHERCable with 14 temperature sensorsINSIGHT (DISCOVERY 12)1deployed on the surfaceFebruary 28, 2019
2020-052AMARS 2020 CRUISE STAGEMars cruise busMARS 2020 (PERSEVERANCE)burned debris?incinerated upon atmospheric entryFebruary 18, 2021
2020-052ACRUISE BALLAST MASS (CMBD)70 kg tungsten weightsMARS 2020 (PERSEVERANCE)2, burned debris?incinerated upon atmospheric entry?February 18, 2021
2020-052AENTRY BALLAST MASS (EMBD)25 kg tungsten weightsMARS 2020 (PERSEVERANCE)6, scattered?discarded, impactFebruary 18, 2021
2020-052ACHUTE COMPARTMENT COVERParachute coverMARS 2020 (PERSEVERANCE)scattereddiscarded, impactFebruary 18, 2021
2020-052AMAIN CHUTEParachuteMARS 2020 (PERSEVERANCE)1discarded, soft landingFebruary 18, 2021
2020-052AHEATSHIELDHeatshieldMARS 2020 (PERSEVERANCE)scattereddiscarded, impactFebruary 18, 2021
2020-052ABACKSHELLBackshellMARS 2020 (PERSEVERANCE)1?discarded, still attached to main chute, soft landing?February 18, 2021
2020-052ASKYCRANEDescent stage + 20 m bridleMARS 2020 (PERSEVERANCE)1?discarded, hard landingFebruary 18, 2021
2020-052APERSEVERANCE ROVER (PERCY)Mars roverMARS 2020 (PERSEVERANCE)1landed, currently in useFebruary 18, 2021
2020-052AROVER IDD (INSTRUMENT DEPLOYMENT DEVICE)Robotic arm + scientific instrumentsMARS 2020 (PERSEVERANCE)1currently in useFebruary 18, 2021
2020-052AADAPTIVE CACHE ASSEMBLY COVERDust coverMARS 2020 (PERSEVERANCE)1discarded on the surfaceFebruary 18, 2021
2020-052ACAMERAS AND INSTRUMENTS COVERSDust coversMARS 2020 (PERSEVERANCE)?discarded on the surface?February 18, 2021
2020-052AINGENUITY DEBRIS SHIELDDust coverMARS 2020 (PERSEVERANCE)1discarded on the surfaceMarch 21, 2021
2020-052CINGENUITY (GINNY)Mars helicopter droneMARS 2020 (PERSEVERANCE)1deployed on the surfaceApril 4, 2021
2020-052CSMALL PIECE OF WRIGHT FLYER'S WING COVERINGCommemorative itemMARS 2020 (PERSEVERANCE)1attached underneath Ingenuity's solar panelApril 4, 2021
2020-052CINGENUITY ROTOR BLADES RESTRAINTSStrapsMARS 2020 (PERSEVERANCE)?discarded on the surface?April 7, 2021
2020-049CMAIN CHUTE COMPARTMENT COVERParachute coverTIANWEN-1?discarded, impactMay 14, 2021
2020-049CHEATSHIELDHeatshieldTIANWEN-1scattereddiscarded, impactMay 14, 2021
2020-049CMAIN CHUTEParachuteTIANWEN-11discarded, still attached to backshell?May 14, 2021
2020-049CBACKSHELLBackshellTIANWEN-11?discarded, soft landing?May 14, 2021
2020-049CTIANWEN-1 LANDING PLATFORMMars landerTIANWEN-11landed, activeMay 14, 2021
2020-049DZHURONG ROVERMars roverTIANWEN-11deployed on the surfaceMay 22, 2021
TOTAL165+